Council of Trent

Council of Trent
   The 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (Trent, northern Italy, 13 December 1545–4 December 1563). Decrees specific to liturgical music were issued from sessions 22–24 (September 1562–November 1563) and provided that liturgical music should make words easy to understand and that no "lascivious or impure" elements of secular music should intrude. Abolishing polyphony in favor of chant may have been discussed but was not legislated. The practical results of the Council included a revised breviary (liturgical book for the divine office, 1568) and a revised missal (1570), obligatory in all dioceses unless proof of local practices older than 200 years could be shown. These publications, in effect, eliminated all troped mass ordinaries and all but four sequences accumulated since the late Middle Ages. On 25 October 1577 Pope Gregory XIII commissioned a new Roman gradual, which appeared in 1614. This so-called Medicean chant probably reflects 17th-century chant practice, including revised liturgical texts and melodies to conform to humanistic taste. A number of composers, including Giovanni da Palestrina, used inventive homorhythmic textures in polyphony to clarify diction to follow the Council’s wishes, although this effort weakened with distance from Rome. Nevertheless, the coincident invention of radically new operatic textures at the close of the 16th century helped to define consciously the church style, the stile antico, by rejecting traditional counterpoint.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Council of Trent —     Council of Trent     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Council of Trent     The nineteenth ecumenical council opened at Trent on 13 December, 1545, and closed there on 4 December, 1563. Its main object was the definitive determination of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Trent — The Council in Santa Maria Maggiore church; Museo Diocesano Tridentino, Trento. Council of Trent Date 1545–63 …   Wikipedia

  • Council of Trent — noun a council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 to examine and condemn the teachings of Martin Luther and other Protestant reformers; redefined the Roman Catholic doctrine and abolished… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Council of trent — (1545 1563)    The Council of Trent is so called because it opened in the city of Trent (in Italian, Trento) in Northern Italy, convoked by Pope Paul III to respond to the advance of the Protestant Reformation and to enact reforms that would… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Council of Trent — noun the council of the Roman Catholic Church which met at Trent intermittently from 1545 to 1563, condemning the Reformation and defining church doctrines …  

  • Council of Trent —  Собор Тридентский …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Trent — • Diocese; suffragan of Salzburg Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Trent     Trent     † Cath …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Chalcedon — Date 451 A.D. Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans Previous council First Council of Ephesus Next council Second Council of Constantinople …   Wikipedia

  • Trent — is the name of severalPlaces:* Trento in Italy, famous for the Roman Catholic Council of Trent * Trent, Texas, USA * Trent, South Dakota, USA * Trent, Dorset, UK * Trent, Germany, a municipality on the island of Rügen, GermanyRivers:* River Trent …   Wikipedia

  • Council of Vienne — Date 1311 1312 Accepted by Roman Catholicism Previous council Second Council of Lyons Next council Council of Constance Convoked by Pope …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”